Category: Alchemy in africa

Alchemy in africa

Alchemists attempted to purify, mature, and perfect certain materials.

Where Dreams Come Alive: The Alchemy of the African Healer

In English, the term is often limited to descriptions of European alchemy, but similar practices existed in the Far Eastthe Indian subcontinentand the Muslim world. Islamic and European alchemists developed a structure of basic laboratory techniquestheory, terminology, and experimental methodsome of which are still in use today.

However, they continued antiquity 's belief in four elements and guarded their work in secrecy including cyphers and cryptic symbolism. Their work was guided by Hermetic principles related to magicmythologyand religion.

Modern discussions of alchemy are generally split into an examination of its exoteric practical applications and its esoteric spiritual aspects, despite the arguments of scholars like Holmyard [9] and von Franz [10] that they should be understood as complementary.

The former is pursued by historians of the physical sciences who examine the subject in terms of early chemistrymedicineand charlatanismand the philosophical and religious contexts in which these events occurred. The latter interests historians of esotericismpsychologistsand some philosophers and spiritualists.

The subject has also made an ongoing impact on literature and the arts. Although alchemy is popularly associated with magic, historian Lawrence M. Principe argues that recent historical research has revealed that medieval and early modern alchemy embraced a much more varied set of ideas, goals, techniques, and practices:. Most readers probably are aware of several common claims about alchemy—for example, These ideas about alchemy emerged during the eighteenth century or after. While each of them might have limited validity within a narrow context, none of them is an accurate depiction of alchemy in general.

The word alchemy comes from Old French alquemiealkimieused in Medieval Latin as alchymia. Several etymologies have been proposed for the Greek term. The first was proposed by Zosimos of Panopolis 3rd-4th cent. CEwho derived it from the name of a book, the Khemeu. The ancient Egyptian word referred to both the country and the colour "black" Egypt was the "Black Land", by contrast with the "Red Land", the surrounding desert ; so this etymology could also explain the nickname "Egyptian black arts".

Alchemy encompasses several philosophical traditions spanning some four millennia and three continents. These traditions' general penchant for cryptic and symbolic language makes it hard to trace their mutual influences and "genetic" relationships.

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One can distinguish at least three major strands, which appear to be largely independent, at least in their earlier stages: Chinese alchemycentered in China and its zone of cultural influence; Indian alchemycentered on the Indian subcontinent ; and Western alchemy, which occurred around the Mediterranean and whose center has shifted over the millennia from Greco-Roman Egyptto the Islamic worldand finally medieval Europe.

Chinese alchemy was closely connected to Taoism and Indian alchemy with the Dharmic faithswhereas Western alchemy developed its own philosophical system that was largely independent of, but influenced by, various Western religions.

It is still an open question whether these three strands share a common origin, or to what extent they influenced each other. The start of Western alchemy may generally be traced to ancient and Hellenistic Egyptwhere the city of Alexandria was a center of alchemical knowledge, and retained its pre-eminence through most of the Greek and Roman periods. The treatises of Zosimos of Panopolisthe earliest, historically-attested author fl.

Zosimus based his work on that of older alchemical authors, such as Mary the Jewess[21] Pseudo-Democritus[22] and Agathodaimonbut very little is known about any of these authors. Recent scholarship tend to emphasizes the testimony of Zosimus, who traced the alchemical arts back to Egyptian metallurgical and ceremonial practices. While critical of the kind alchemy he associated with the Egyptian priests and their followers, Zosimos nonetheless saw the tradition's recent past as rooted in the rites of the Egyptian temples.

Mythology — Zosimos of Panopolis asserted that alchemy dated back to Pharaonic Egypt where it was the domain of the priestly class, though there is little to no evidence for his assertion. His name is derived from the god Thoth and his Greek counterpart Hermes.This work by Lynne Radomsky explores the deep archetypal patterns embedded in the African healing initiation, the alchemical opus, and the individuation process through the work of C.

The African healer subscribes to dreams the value and meaning that parallels the importance given to dreams in Jungian psychology. The rich symbolic world of the African healer can be considered an image of a creative individuation process that demonstrates the autonomy of deep psychic processes. Archetypal phenomena in the cosmology of the African healer are amplified through the stages of the alchemical opus and the psychology of C.

These phenomena arise when there is a serious attempt to engage with the autonomous psyche. This in turn, suggests a return, with consciousness, to the instincts, to an inner numinosity, to the phenomenon of psyche and matter, and spirit in nature. A main focus in this work is the idea that there is a remarkable parallel between the valences given to dreams in the African healing realm as there is in the psychology of C. In a similar fashion to the analyst, the healer approaches the dream with respect for the numinosity of the dream images and messages.

Attention to dream material is understood as essential for healing.

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The meeting of two cultures in the therapeutic temenos and the ceremonial rituals of the African healing initiation provides the vessel for the transformation necessary for the emergence of something new and as yet largely unarticulated. Using Jungian psychology and alchemical associations, Dr.

Radomsky skillfully describes the process through which her patient comes to understand and accept the need to combine her initial pull toward becoming a medical professional in the Western world with following the call from her unconscious to become an indigenous healer.

This book offers many valuable insights into both the complexities and benefits of cross-cultural understanding and the reader will experience the gift of exploring initiation rites as well. Her ability to understand the common threads illuminates every page. She offers a rich, integrated view of psyche, soul, and nature that is the hallmark of the African spirit — a view shared by C. Jung and alchemy.

At a time when the world is in danger of forgetting, Dr Radomsky illustrates the profound harmony with inner and outer nature that is restored when one heeds the easily resisted and demanding call from the depths. Jung DVD.

History of Alchemy from Ancient Egypt to Modern Times

Shopping Cart. Lokuzalwa: The Birth of a Healer 27 Chapter 2. Amadlozi: The Ancestral Spirits 47 Chapter 3. Ukuphahla: Connecting with Spirit 59 Chapter 4. Ukuthwasa : A Call to Healing 71 Chapter 5.

Ukuphothula: The Final Awakening Chapter 9. Umbilini: Union of Opposites Chapter Additional information Please Choose Paperback, Hardcover.

Chiron Clinical Series.Dismantle the raw material that obstructs clarity and progress by using it as the entry point for a fresh solution. Weather the discomfort central to the various fragilities evoked in the process of transformation. Transmute the lesser significant elements and more common aspects of a problem into something viable. Africa — is on the heart meridian of the world and brings with it a deep spiritual medicine or elixir that is grown out of the vernacular of everyday life in Africa.

alchemy in africa

Alchemy — describes the process of transmuting a common substance into a unique alternative of great value There are two steps involved in this process: a.

Dissolve: here things that keep things stuck are dismantled b. Congeal: here the cleansed new state eventually coagulates. In a landscape where little else thrives, the Baobab is self-sufficient because it stores its own water. It is often used as a Sanctuary by both animals and people — and thus becomes a place of renewal and rejuvenation. It is the conduit and container through which things are processed.

Anything can come into it, and be stirred. It is a meeting place where the elements come up against each other and transformation occurs.

It also represents vulnerability, complexity and self -protection, as well as discipline. It may become easily bruised and must be both carefully nourished and pruned to amplify its strength and uniqueness. It has many seeds at its Centre — often seen as a carrier of great wisdom and knowledge.

Its hairy -which makes it authentic, tough, and durable. It blends in rather than stand out and has its greatest impact in community alongside other sunflowers. As these elements combine through an Alchemical process of their own they collectively create an original and unique brand that offers Leadership in Organisations an opportunity to refresh and replenish themselves.

Intro to Black Magic; Khemistry Alchemy GAGUT 2/5

This will ultimately enable them to execute their tasks as Leaders with greater vigor, enthusiasm, innovation and diligence. To harness the creative energy inherent in the Alchemical process to shape and cultivate customised solutions. To dispel the negativity and overcome the timidity inherent in confronting obstacles - by giving a firm voice to action.

To utilise the language of Intuition to offer illuminating reasoning that will result in unique and impactful outcomes that liquefy impediments to success. The Symbolism in African Alchemy.

Soon thereafter other Wellness companies sought Counselling and Coaching offerings from this company too. Due to the distinct direction of the work moving organically into the Executive and Leadership arena, the name African Alchemy — Giving leadership Life was born.

Core Values 1.Deloitte Alchemy Africa Outlook has been added to Bookmarks.

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Deloitte Alchemy Africa Outlook has been removed from Bookmarks. Will this strategic interest start to reflect in their commercial flows with the African continent? With attempts to initiate structural reform, will this coming year see green shoots of growth coming through for the leading economies South Africa and Nigeria?

What then are the mega-trends for the African continent in terms of trade and investment that are emerging? How should business and government react to the reality of climate change and its devastating impact in many African countries and regions? What then does business need to know to succeed in Africa in and beyond?

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Join Deloitte Africa on the 30th of January at our annual Deloitte Alchemy Africa Outlook executive conference where leading business figures and thought-leaders will discuss trends and prospects facing companies and countries in Discussion sessions include:. Yes I will attend Queries: Email: carschoeman deloitte. Please enable JavaScript.

My Deloitte. Undo My Deloitte. Save for later. Contact us Submit RFP. Did you find this useful? Yes No. Related topics. Welcome back. Still not a member? Join My Deloitte. Keep me logged in.

Forgot password. Link your accounts. You previously joined My Deloitte using the same email. Log in here with your My Deloitte password to link accounts.Gold shines in the human imagination as that most powerful of metals.

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Its prominence has led it to be —beyond the object of myths and cosmogonies— also that ultimate end of alchemy, among the most symbolic and mysterious of historical traditions. European chronicles of the 11 th century tell that the purest of all gold was that from West Africa, long considered legendary until but very few years ago. InSam Nixon, an Archaeologist at the University of East Anglia, reconstructed an ancient method used specifically in Mali, to separate gold from other minerals that naturally accompany it.

In the West, the traditional process for doing so involved the use of highly toxic and dangerous mercury. It all began when, while visiting Tademekka, Mali, Nixon found molds and cauldrons containing glass stained with traces of gold. He deduced that such glass must have been part of the legendary process of purifying gold. Based on his findings, along with Professor Thilo Rehren, a specialist in ancient technologies, Nixon published a study suggesting that in this part of Mali, the processes for purifying gold involved heating the metal with sand and glass so as to separate gold from the particles of other minerals.

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In carrying out the method themselves, the authors obtained gold with a purity that can only be compared to that resulting from the mercury process. Marc Waldon of Northwestern University set out to test the method that had until then had been but a myth. The result left him speechless, as the African process of gold purification worked perfectly.

The process can be explained in geographical terms. As it was at a strategic point along ancient Saharan trade routes, the region learned of the value of gold through contact with Arab traders. African civilizations in the area used gold only for ornamentation: their currency was usually beads made of glass. Nixon discovered that these same societies had developed other sophisticated metallurgical processes including with steel and copper. The gold purification process developed in Mali —their only and very homegrown alchemy— is not recorded in any prior historical record.

The people of the Tadmekkan region discovered how to purify the valuable yellow metal through a method safer than that used for centuries by civilizations using gold as a currency of exchange. A collection of images and a dazzling introduction to the mythical world of Japanese fairy…. InRalph Steiner created an enchanting video-reflection on the essence of existence: water. Antique maps, remarkable cartographic fictions, reflect not just how we once saw geography, but abstract….

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A book explored the artwork of the mentally ill and profoundly influenced artists from Klee,…. This website uses cookies to craft an exclusive online experience, tailored for you. By clicking "Accept" or by continuing to use our site, you consent to our use of cookies.Africa by Kirk H.

Charms and fetishes had special powers. Fetishes usually were carved wooden statues. These suspicions led to witch hunts. Interesting history and almost thorough facts. Thanks for sharing. My point being is not all Africans were illiterate to writings. If you are referring to foreign writings, just as English speakers are ignorant to Japanese writings, then I see your point, but not in totality. You are commenting using your WordPress.

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alchemy in africa

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alchemy in africa

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Cookie Policy.The roots of alchemy date back to ancient Egypt and a mysterious document called the Emerald Tablet.

But one can scarcely dismiss so lightly the science — or art, if you will —that won to its service the lifelong devotion of men of culture and attainment from every race and clime over a period of thousands of years, for the beginnings of alchemy are hidden in the mists of time. Such a science is something far more than an outlet for a few eccentric old men in their dotage. What was the motive behind their constant strivings, their never-failing patience in the unravelling of the mysteries, the tenacity of purpose in the face of persecution and ridicule through the countless ages that led the alchemists to pursue undaunted their appointed way?

alchemy in africa

Something far greater, surely, than a mere vainglorious desire to transmute the base metals into gold, or to brew a potion to prolong a little longer this earthly span, for the devotees of alchemy in the main cared little for such things. The accounts of their lives almost without exception lead us to believe that they were concerned with things spiritual rather than with things temporal.

They were men inspired by a vision, a vision of man made perfect, of man freed from disease and the limitations of warring faculties both mental and physical, standing godlike in the realization of a power that even at this very moment of time lies hidden in the deeper strata of consciousness, a vision of man made truly in the image and likeness of the One Divine Mind in its Perfection, Beauty, and Harmony.

So let us for step back into the past to catch a glimpse of these men, of their work and ideals, and more important still, of the possibilities that their life-work might bring to those who today are seeking for fuller knowledge and wider horizons. References about alchemy are to be found in the myths and legends of ancient China. He preferred to take up his abode in the mountains of Western China where he persevered in the study of alchemy and in cultivating the virtues of purity and mental abstraction.

From the hands of the alchemist Lao Tzu, he received supernaturally a mystical treatise, by following the instructions in which he was successful in his match for the Elixir of Life.

From China we now travel to Egypt, from where alchemy as it is known in the West seems to have sprung. Reputed to have lived about B. The main surviving documents attributed to him are the Emerald Tabletthe Asclepian Dialoguesand the Divine Pymander. If we may judge from these fragments both preserved in the Latin by Fianus and translated into other languages in the sixteenth centuryit would seem to be of inestimable loss to the world that none of these works have survived in their entirety.

There have been various stories of the origin of the tract, one being that the original emerald slab upon which the precepts were said to be inscribed in Phoenician characters was discovered in the tomb of Hermes by Alexander the Great. The words of the secrets of Hermes, which were written on the Tablet of Emerald found between his hands in a dark cave wherein his body was discovered buried.

An Arabic version of the text was discovered in a work ascribed to Jabir Geberwhich was probably made about the ninth century. In any case, it must be one of the oldest alchemical fragments known, and that it is a piece of Hermetic teaching I have no doubt, as it corresponds to teachings of the Thrice-Greatest Hermes as they have been passed down to us in esoteric circles.

The tablet teaches the unity of matter and the basic truth that all form is a manifestation from one root, the One Thing or Ether. This tablet, in conjunction with the works of the Corpus Hermeticum are well worth reading, particularly in the light of the general alchemical symbolism. Unhappily, the Emerald Tablet is all that remains to us of the genuine Egyptian sacred art of alchemy.

The third century A. In the fourth century, Zosimus the Panopolite wrote his treatise on The Divine Art of Making Gold and Silverand in the fifth Morienus, a hermit of Rome, left his native city and set out to seek the sage Adfar, a solitary adept whose fame had reached him from Alexandria.

Morienus found him, and after gaining his confidence became his disciple. After the death of his patron, Morienus came into touch with King Calid, and a very attractive work purporting to be a dialogue between himself and the king is still extant under the name of Morienus.

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In this century, Cedrennus also appeared, a magician who professed alchemy. The next name of note, that of Geber, occurs in or about A.


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